USGS PWRC - Bird Banding Lab - US State Centroid - 1960-2010

Latest version published by United States Geological Survey on Mar 12, 2024 United States Geological Survey

Download the latest version of this resource data as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) or the resource metadata as EML or RTF:

Data as a DwC-A file download 14,079,367 records in English (260 MB) - Update frequency: irregular
Metadata as an EML file download in English (14 KB)
Metadata as an RTF file download in English (9 KB)


The Bird Banding Laboratory (BBL) was established in 1920 to coordinate bird banding activities occurring in the United States and its Territories, a consequence of the Migratory Bird Treaty Act between the United States and Great Britain that was ratified in 1918. Originally a program within the US Biological Survey, it was also associated with the US Fish and Wildlife Service and National Biological Service before being transferred to the USGS in 1996. Among its many responsibilities, the BBL maintains the bird banding data collected in the United States and its Territories and every report of birds banded in the US that are encountered anywhere in the world. Computerization of the banding records was initiated in 1960 and the BBL annually processes approximately one million new banding records from the US. Banding data are essential for managing harvested migratory bird populations across North America. These data also provide a historical source of information on the status and distribution of birds in the United States and have greatly expanded our knowledge of bird migration patterns across this hemisphere. USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center (PWRC). This dataset is a checklist of birds that occur in each state.

Data Records

The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 14,079,367 records.

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.


The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

Malorodova M (2021): USGS PWRC - Bird Banding Lab - US State Centroid - 1960-2010. v1.4. United States Geological Survey. Dataset/Occurrence.


Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is United States Geological Survey. To the extent possible under law, the publisher has waived all rights to these data and has dedicated them to the Public Domain (CC0 1.0). Users may copy, modify, distribute and use the work, including for commercial purposes, without restriction.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: 721a99a4-71f4-4466-b346-83c367889238.  United States Geological Survey publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by GBIF-US.


occurrence; birds; banding; monitoring; natural resources; North American species; migration; tagging; waterfowl; Metadata; Observation


Margarita Malorodova
  • Originator
IT Specialist
United States Geological Survey (USGS) Patuxent Wildlife Research Center (PWRC)
Bird Banding Laboratory, 12100 Beech Forest Road
20708-4037 Laurel
+1 (301) 497-5824
Elaine Nakash
  • Metadata Provider
Biological Technician
USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Bird Banding Laboratory, 12100 Beech Forest Road
20708 Laurel
+1 (301) 497-5824
Bruce Peterjohn
  • Principal Investigator
Project Chief
US Geological Survey Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
12100 Beech Forest Dr.
20708-4038 Laurel
+1 301-497-5646
Bruce Peterjohn
  • Principal Investigator
Chief, Bird Banding Laboratory
USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
12100 Beech Forest Rd
20708 Laurel City
+1 3014975807
Annie Simpson
  • Custodian Steward
biologist and information scientist
U.S. Geological Survey
12201 Sunrise Valley Dr, Mailstop 302
20192 Reston
+1 703-648-4281
Stephen Formel
  • Processor
U.S. Geological Survey

Geographic Coverage

United States and US territories, primarily western hemisphere. The provided bounding box is not precise.

Bounding Coordinates South West [12.7, -170.66], North East [71.03, -64.88]

Temporal Coverage

Start Date / End Date 1960-01-01 / 2010-12-31

Project Data

The Bird Banding Laboratory (Est. 1920), an integrated scientific program, supports the collection, curation, archiving, and dissemination of data from banded and marked birds. These data allow for developing effective bird science, management, and conservation. The lab, in collaboration with the Canadian Wildlife Service Bird Banding Office, administer the North American Bird Banding Program.

Title Bird Banding Lab - US State Centroid - 1960-2010
Identifier BBL
Study Area Description For more details see:

The personnel involved in the project:

Bruce Peterjohn
  • Principal Investigator

Additional Metadata

This is a checklist dataset at the U.S. state level, derived from occurrence data. EstablishmentMeans information was derived and added during data cleaning, from During data cleaning 590 records with countryCode = CQ were found to fall within the United States. Therefore their countryCode values were changed to US.

Alternative Identifiers 721a99a4-71f4-4466-b346-83c367889238