USGS ASC - Changing Arctic Ecosystems - Alaska - Birds

Latest version published by United States Geological Survey on Oct 6, 2016 United States Geological Survey

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Through the Changing Arctic Ecosystems initiative, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) strives to inform key resource management decisions for Arctic Alaska by providing scientific information on current and future ecosystem response to a warming climate. Our research is (1) examining critical physical and landscape-scale changes in the environment; (2) assessing key ecological drivers of population change; and (3) projecting future abundance and distribution of focal species, including mammals, birds, fish, and aquatic invertebrates that use the landscapes of the Arctic in different ways and likely will express differently the consequences of changes to the associated ecosystems. USGS Alaska Science Center (ASC), monitors bird populations in several sites and these are the results of those studies.

Data Records

The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 3,377 records.

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.


The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

Pearce, J., T. DeGange, P. Flint, T. Fondell, D. Gustine, L. Holland-Bartels, A. Hope, J. Hupp, J. Koch, S. Talbot, D. Ward, and M. Whalen. 2012. Changing Arctic Ecosystems—Measuring and forecasting the response of Alaska's terrestrial ecosystem to a warming climate. U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2012-3144, 4 p.


Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is United States Geological Survey. To the extent possible under law, the publisher has waived all rights to these data and has dedicated them to the Public Domain (CC0 1.0). Users may copy, modify, distribute and use the work, including for commercial purposes, without restriction.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: 34563ec7-d5cc-4e08-972e-83913fa07a9d.  United States Geological Survey publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by U.S. Geological Survey.


Metadata; occurrence; observation; birds; aquatic birds; nesting; Alaska; North Slope; Nome; Seward; Metadata; Observation

External data

The resource data is also available in other formats

Changing Arctic Ecosystems UTF-8 html
The Arctic Coastal Plain UTF-8 html
Measuring and Forecasting the Response of Alaska’s Terrestrial Ecosystem to a Warming Climate UTF-8 pdf


Tom Fondell
  • Originator
  • Principal Investigator
Research Wildlife Biologist
U.S. Geological Survey - Alaska Science Center
4210 University Drive
99508 Anchorage
+1 (907) 786-7155
John Pearce
  • Metadata Provider
  • Point Of Contact
Research Wildlife Biologist
U.S. Geological Survey - Alaska Science Center
4210 University Drive
99508 Anchorage
+1 907.786.7094
Joel Schmutz
  • Author
Research Wildlife Biologist
U.S. Geological Survey - Alaska Science Center
4210 University Drive
99508 Anchorage
+1 907.786.7186
Brian Uher-Koch
  • Author
Research Wildlife Biologist
U.S. Geological Survey - Alaska Science Center
4210 University Drive
99508 Anchorage
+1 907.786.7052
Annie Simpson
  • Processor
biologist and information scientist
US Geological Survey, Core Science Systems, BISON project
12201 Sunrise Valley Drive, Mailstop 302
20192 Reston
+1 703-648-4281

Geographic Coverage

Seward Peninsula, Chipp Slopes, and Colville River Delta in Alaska.

Bounding Coordinates South West [59.78, -167.15], North East [70.68, -146.8]

Taxonomic Coverage

Birds encountered in Alaska during summer months, many of them nesting, from 67 unique taxa (to date).

Kingdom Animalia (animals)
Phylum Chordata (chordates)
Class Aves (birds)

Temporal Coverage

Living Time Period 2013 to present

Project Data

No Description available

Title US Geological Survey - Alaska Science Center - Changing Arctic Ecosystems - Alaska - Birds
Funding US Geological Survey Changing Arctic Ecosystems Initiative.
Study Area Description This study is being conducted on a variety of Alaska's ecosystems: 1) Chipp on the ACP between the Brooks Range and the Arctic Ocean, north of the Arctic Circle (~70° 32' N, -155° 21' W). This area is part of the NPR-A, where oil and gas development is expected to increase, and is owned and managed by the BLM. The region consists of low tundra, including sedge, moss, dwarf-shrub wetlands (W2) and tussock-sedge, dwarf-shrub, moist tundra (G4) ecosystems described in the Circumpolar Arctic Vegetation Map (Walker et al. 2005). There is an extensive system of fish-bearing lakes and several major drainage rivers. More specifically, our research is confined to two, 7 kilometer-squared study plots, approximately 35 km apart, along the Chipp River, 100 km (60 miles) southeast of the community of Barrow. Each plot exhibits different ecological and climatic characteristics; Chipp North (N 70.686, W-155.304) -- this dataset -- is closer to the coast and lower lying, while the Chipp South (N 70.395, W -155.407) is more inland, having rolling terrain features. 2) Several areas of Alaska's Seward Peninsula, including beyond the international date line. 3) Alaska's North Slope along the Colville River Delta.

The personnel involved in the project:

John Pearce
  • Point Of Contact

Sampling Methods

Different sampling methods were used. For Loons- Observers conducted complete nest searches by walking the shoreline of all lakes in both study plots. Nest locations were marked with a hand-held GPS unit and revisited to monitor nest fate at weekly intervals. Some lakes extending outside the plot boundary were also searched as time and resources allowed, thereby increasing sample sizes.

Study Extent As described in the Geographic Coverage. Observations made during summer months.

Method step description:

  1. The step description was as described in the Sampling Description, above.

Bibliographic Citations

  1. Paruk, J. D., K. G. Wright, B.D. Uher-Koch, D.C. Evers, J. S. Fair, and C.E. Gray. Breeding Ecology of the Yellow-billed Loons (Gavia adamsii) on the Arctic Coastal Plain, Alaska 2013. Biodiversity Research Institute Report # 2013-12, Gorham, Maine.
  2. Walker, D.A., M.K. Raynolds, F.J.A. Daniels, E. Einarsson, A. Elvebakk, W.A. Gould, A.E. Katenin, S.S. Kholod, D.J. Markon, E.S. Melnikov, N.G. Moskalenko, S.S. Talbot, and B.A. Yurtsev. 2005. Journal of Vegetation Science 16(3): 267-282.

Additional Metadata

Alternative Identifiers 34563ec7-d5cc-4e08-972e-83913fa07a9d