USGS FORT - Ouray National Wildlife Refuge - Bats - 2010

出現紀錄
最新版本 published by United States Geological Survey on 12月 11, 2019 United States Geological Survey
發布日期:
2019年12月11日
授權條款:
CC0 1.0

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說明

Nine species of bats were captured using mist nets during the summer of 2010. These findings document the occurrence at Ouray National Wildlife Refuge (NWR) of 13 of the 18 species of bats known to occur from Utah. The other 5 of the 18 species of Utah bats not documented during this study are the silver-haired bat (Lasionycteris noctivagans), the Brazilian free-tailed bat (Tadarida brasiliensis), the western red bat (Lasiurus blossevilii), the spotted bat (Euderma maculatum), and Allen's big-eared bat (Idionycteris phyllotis). Three of the species documented as occurring at Ouray NWR are identified by the Utah Division of Wildlife Resources as Utah Species of Concern in the Utah Sensitive Species List: the fringed myotis, the Townsend's big-eared bat, and the big free-tailed bat. USGS Fort Collins Science Center (FORT).

資料紀錄

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版本

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如何引用

研究者應依照以下指示引用此資源。:

Ellison, L.E., 2011, Bats of Ouray National Wildlife Refuge: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2011–1032, 51 p.

權利

研究者應尊重以下權利聲明。:

此資料的發布者及權利單位為 United States Geological Survey。 To the extent possible under law, the publisher has waived all rights to these data and has dedicated them to the Public Domain (CC0 1.0). Users may copy, modify, distribute and use the work, including for commercial purposes, without restriction.

GBIF 註冊

此資源已向GBIF註冊,並指定以下之GBIF UUID: e4d07f67-39a9-4dec-8623-038c671c4b88。  United States Geological Survey 發佈此資源,並經由U.S. Geological Survey同意向GBIF註冊成為資料發佈者。

關鍵字

Metadata; Fish and Wildlife Service; National Park Service; bats; foraging habitat; Green River; inventory; roosting sites; Utah; Colorado Plateau; Ouray National Wildlife Refuge; Observation

聯絡資訊

Lance (Anthony) Everett
  • 內容提供者
  • 元數據提供者
  • 出處
  • 連絡人
Technology Specialist/Project Coordinator
US Geological Survey, Fort Collins Science Center
2150 Centre Ave Bldg C
80527 Fort Collins
Colorado
US
+1 970-226-9225
Annie Simpson
  • 出處
biologist & information scientist
Core Science Systems
12201 Sunrise Valley Dr
20192 Reston
VA
US
7036484281

地理涵蓋範圍

-109.67102050751 to -109.627075195 longitude; 40.136556199088 to 40.086142549522 latitude

界定座標範圍 緯度南界 經度西界 [40.086, -109.671], 緯度北界 經度東界 [40.137, -109.627]

分類群涵蓋範圍

KingdomAnimaliaPhylumChordataClassMammaliaOrderChiropteraFamilyVespertilionidae

Kingdom Animalia (animals)
Phylum Chordata (chordates)
Class Mammalia (mammals), Chiroptera (bats)
Family Vespertilionidae (vesper bats)
Species Myotis evotis, Antrozous pallidus, Eptesicus fuscus, Myotis volans, Myotis californicus, Myotis yumanensis, Parastrellus hesperus, Corynorhinus townsendii, Myotis lucifugus

時間涵蓋範圍

起始日期 2010-01-01

計畫資料

無相關描述

計畫名稱 Bats of Ouray National Wildlife Refuge, Utah
經費來源 US Fish and Wildlife Service
研究區域描述 Ouray National Wildlife Refuge (NWR) is located in the northeastern corner of Utah along the Green River and is part of the Upper Colorado River System and the Colorado Plateau. Ouray NWR is in central Uintah County, 2 miles northeast of Ouray, and 10 miles southeast of Randlett. The Refuge covers 11,987 acres, includes 12 miles of the Green River, and was originally established in 1960 to serve as a refuge for breeding and migrating waterfowl. Management strategies today (2011) focus on managing water to mimic the natural flood plains that existed before dams were erected along the river. Portions of protective levees throughout the Refuge were removed to allow more frequent flooding. There are five bottom lands within the river floodplain: Johnson Bottom, Leota Bottom, Wyasket Lake, Sheppard Bottom, and Wood’s Bottom. These bottom lands are all fed by the river as it winds through an otherwise desert-like landscape. With more than 4,000 acres of wetland and riparian habitat, the Refuge is home to a diverse group of birds, mammals, fish, plants, and amphibians and reptiles. Prior to this study, the assumption was that Ouray NWR would provide excellent habitat for bats, but no previous bat studies had been conducted, and it was unknown what species of bats occurred on the Refuge.
研究設計描述 The investigator chose 3 10-day field trips in June, July, and August 2010 based on lunar phase; the middle of each trip coincided with the new moon because it is suspected that bat capture rates are higher during darker phases of the moon. The investigator used 2 different methods to inventory the bat species at Ouray NWR. The first method was to survey the bat fauna by capturing, identifying, and noting the reproductive condition of individuals, and then releasing them. The second method used to supplement mist netting surveys was acoustic monitoring with ultrasonic bat detectors (Anabat II; Titley Electronics, NSW, Australia).

參與計畫的人員:

Laura E. Ellison
  • 研究主持人

取樣方法

Mist netting surveys occurred the nights of 8-15 June, 7-13 July, and 3-10 August 2010. 11 sites were surveyed with mist nets (fig. 1). During the June field trip, up to 6 nets per night of 9 m, 12 m, and 18 m in length were used. These nets were set on 3-m-high poles. It was difficult to capture bats with 3 such low nets and so much water surface area available on the refuge. Therefore, in July and August 2010, higher, “stacked” nets were used. These stacked nets were 6-m high and used 2, 12-m-long nets on a pulley system based on the system designed by Gardner and others (1989). Two of these stacked nets were used per night during the July and August 2010 field trips.

研究範圍 The overall goal for this project was to conduct a baseline inventory of bat species occurring at Ouray NWR. The 3 specific objectives to accomplish this goal were to: (1) identify water sources occurring at Ouray NWR where bats could be captured using mist nets and assess species occurrence; (2) capture and identify bats at these water sites and release unharmed; and, (3) collect echolocation activity of bats to augment species occurrence information.
品質控管 Complete details of the sampling methods and qa/qc can be found here: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2011/1032/pdf/OFR2011-1032.pdf

方法步驟描述:

  1. For additional data, acoustic analysis techniques were employed in June - August. The general locations were chosen nonrandomly to maximize the area sampled at the refuge and specific locations were chosen based on proximity to water, habitat edges, and potential flyways. We recorded acoustic activity of bats from sunset to sunrise on six nights at each station in June (Stations 1-4), July (Stations 1-6), and August 2010 (Stations 1-6). We used the Anabat II bat detectors with programmable zero-crossing analysis interface modules (Anabat CF Storage ZCAIM; Titley Electronics, NSW, Australia). Detectors were placed in weatherproof boxes oriented in random directions and angled 45 degrees to a reflective polycarbonateplastic surface. Detectors were precalibrated to minimize variation in zone of reception among units. Echolocation call data was downloaded from detectors every other day and the storage ZCAIMs was cleared for redeployment.

額外的詮釋資料

altitude of the collection site ranged from 1,421-1,437 meters.

目的 The overall goal for this project was to conduct a baseline inventory of bat species occurring at Ouray National Wildlife Refuge using established monitoring methodology for vesper bat species.
替代的識別碼 e4d07f67-39a9-4dec-8623-038c671c4b88
https://bison.usgs.gov/ipt/resource?r=usgs-fort-ouray-bats-2010