USFWS - Big Rivers Network Native Bee Survey

Latest version published by United States Geological Survey on Apr 18, 2017 United States Geological Survey

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Bee conservation, broadly speaking, has four main objectives: 1 to conserve the individual species of native bees, 2 to conserve the ecological services pollination of native plants provided by native bees, 3 to bring more native bee species into agricultural service, and 4 to maintain the health and viability of honey bees for agricultural purposes. Three of these objectives relate directly to native habitats, and in order to begin to address them it is necessary to identify which bee species are present within a particular geography, and to gain a basic understanding of the span of their ecological tolerances and abundance. Native habitats and communities offer the best starting point for this effort because they are reservoirs of biodiversity compared to disturbed areas, urban parks, habitat reconstructions, etc. The project summarized in these following pages, initiated in 2012 and enabled by staff and volunteers and the US Fish and Wildlife Service, is a first step towards identifying and documenting the bee species present on selected refuges in the Midwest, and also provides limited data on their ecological amplitude and abundance. Collecting effort in 2013 varied from refuge to refuge, as did the number of sampling sites and the intent or design of the survey at each refuge. Some refuges were interested in comparing remnants to reconstructions, others compared different native habitat types, others were simply interested in an overall survey of the refuge. The value of the data to each refuge is largely proportional to the effort expended, but even limited collecting effort provided some valuable data.


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Metadata; Riverine; Biology; Floodplain; Species; Communities and Ecosystems; Grasslands; Biology; Invertebrates; Biology; Pollinators; Inventory; Native Bees; Refuges; Grassland/Herbaceous; Biology


Wedge Watkins
  • Originator
  • Point Of Contact
Refuge Wildlife Biologist, Regional Pollinator CoordinatorMaintainer
United States Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS)
Big Muddy National Fish and Wildlife Refuge, 4200 New Haven Road
65201 Columbia
+1 (573) 441 2788
Elizabeth Sellers
  • Metadata Provider
Technical Information Specialist - Biology
United States Geological Survey (USGS)
12201 Sunrise Valley Drive Mail Stop 302
20192 Reston
+1 (703) 648-4385
Michael (Mike) Arduser
  • Content Provider
Natural History Biologist, Taxonomist/Specimen Identifier
Missouri Department of Conservation
2901 W. Truman Blvd.
65102 Jefferson City
Richard Easterbrook
  • Custodian Steward Dataset Point of Contact
United States Fish and Wildlife Service - National Wildlife Refuge System

Geographic Coverage

Big Muddy National Fish And Wildlife Refuge, Glacial Ridge National Wildlife Refuge, Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife And Fish Refuge-La Crosse District, Litchfield Wetland Management District, Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife And Fish Refuge-Mcgregor District, Mingo National Wildlife Refuge, Neal Smith National Wildlife Refuge, Port Louisa National Wildlife Refuge, Squaw Creek National Wildlife Refuge, Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife And Fish Refuge-Savanna District, and Two Rivers National Wildlife Refuge.

Bounding Coordinates South West [36.991, -95.249], North East [42.232, -90.127]

Taxonomic Coverage


Family Adrenidae (andrenid bees, andrenids), Colletidae (colletid bees, plasterer bees, yellow-faced bees), Halictidae (halictid bees, sweat bees), Apidae (bumble bees, euglossine, euglossines, honey bees, stingless bees), Megachilidae (leafcutting bees)

Temporal Coverage

Start Date / End Date 2013-05-09 / 2013-09-07

Project Data

No Description available

Title USFWS - Big Rivers Network Native Bee Survey
Funding United States Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS)
Study Area Description Selected refuges in the Midwest[ern United States]

The personnel involved in the project:

Richard Easterbrook
  • Point Of Contact

Additional Metadata

Alternative Identifiers FWS_ServCat_47304