USFS - New York City Tree Census - 1995

Latest version published by United States Geological Survey on Jan 3, 2023 United States Geological Survey

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Data as a DwC-A file download 471,404 records in English (10 MB) - Update frequency: not planned
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In 1995, hundreds of volunteers joined the New York City (NYC) Department of Parks & Recreation staff to inventory the city's street tree population. These inventory efforts resulted in an unprecedented understanding of NYC’s urban forest, and catalyzed major advances in its urban forest management. See: and:

Data Records

The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 471,404 records.

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.


The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

Peper, P. J., McPherson, E. G., Simpson, J. R., Gardner, S. L., Vargas, K. E., and Q. Xiao. 2007. New York City, New York Municipal Forest Resource Analysis. Technical Report to Adrian Benepe, Commissioner, Department of Parks and Recreation, New York City, New York, April 2007. Center for Urban Forest Research, USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station.


Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is United States Geological Survey. To the extent possible under law, the publisher has waived all rights to these data and has dedicated them to the Public Domain (CC0 1.0). Users may copy, modify, distribute and use the work, including for commercial purposes, without restriction.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: 5f06e39d-81cf-4606-8891-6db72600231b.  United States Geological Survey publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by U.S. Geological Survey.


occurrence; trees; census; Metadata


Jeffrey J. Watson
  • Originator
  • Point Of Contact
Director of GIS & Analytics
NYC Parks and Recreation
Olmsted Center, Flushing Meadows Corona Park
11368 Flushing
New York
+1(347) 203-8176
Elizabeth Sellers
  • Metadata Provider
Technical Information Specialist - Biology
United States Geological Survey (USGS)
12201 Sunrise Valley Drive, Mailstop 302
20192 Reston
+1 (703) 648 4385
Annie Simpson
  • Metadata Provider
biologist and information scientist
USGS Core Science Systems
12201 Sunrise Valley Dr
20192 Reston

Geographic Coverage

New York City. Bounding box provided is not exact.

Bounding Coordinates South West [40.08, -74.61], North East [41.36, -71.75]

Taxonomic Coverage

Street trees in the city of New York.

Family Aracaceae (Palm species)

Temporal Coverage

Start Date / End Date 1995-01-01 / 1996-01-01

Project Data

Citywide street tree data from the 1995 Street Tree Census, conducted by volunteers organized by NYC Parks & Recreation. Trees were inventoried by address, and were collected from 1995-1996. Data collected includes tree species, diameter, condition.

Title New York City Street Tree Census 1995-1996
Funding New York City; U.S. Forest Service

The personnel involved in the project:

Jeffrey J. Watson
  • Point Of Contact

Sampling Methods

Volunteers used the TreeKIT mapping method to produce accurate measurements of our street trees, including identifications of species and tree diameter.

Study Extent New York City

Method step description:

  1. Volunteers used the TreeKIT mapping method to produce accurate measurements of our street trees, including identifications of species and tree diameter.

Additional Metadata

This is the data from the initial NYC street tree census that was sponsored by the US Forest Service and the City of New York. This census has taken place every ten years since its initiation in 1995. Removed rows with the following providedScientificName totaling 45585 rows UNKNOWN LIVE TREES UNKNOWN DEAD TREES STUMP UNKNOWN STUMP PLANTING SITE UNKNOWN SHAFT SHRUB HEDGE